nature of revolt of 1857 class 8

nature of revolt of 1857 class 8

British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . Ans: During the revolt, the defeat of the British forces in a number of battles caused a number of uprisings against the British in various Indian states. 1. You can Read First. :- 03 2. They would be called princes. Some of the new rules violated their religious sensibilities and beliefs. The Hindus believed that crossing the sea would mean that they would lose their religion and caste. The British historians have treated the great uprising of 1857 as a sepoy mutiny. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. Another reason for the confidence of the British was the decline of the Mughal dynasty. nature of their rule. Students and parents can download free a collection of all The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. However, by the Government of India Actof British Parliament in 1858, this authority was divested from the Board of Control and the East Indian Company and was entrusted to the Secretary of State for India aided by a council. On the other hand, the staunch patriotic and nationalist Indian writers & historians regard the Revolt of 1857 as the First War of Indian Independence. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. For this, the sepoys were severely punished. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. The freedom of the Indian rulers was reduced and their armed forces were disbanded. He and his wife were sent to prison in Rangoon in October 1858. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. After the death of her husband, she wanted her adopted son to be recognized as the heir to the kingdom. Revolt of 1857 important GK Questions answers PDF. They had not come to settle in India but only to take money home. After the defeat of the rebel forces, the British had a two-pronged strategy to suppress the rebels and the rebellion. Causes of 1857 Revolt. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. • Lord Dalhousie followed an aggressive expansionist policy and unjustly annexed Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi, using the Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. Results of the 1857 Revolt: The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. But the Company always turned down such requests. Ans: The new cartridges were suspected of being coated with the fat of cows and pigs. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. So the Indians could never develop any affinity towards them. However, he had to give in, and was thus proclaimed their leader. The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the … GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] The British took several steps to reform the society. The leadership of the Mughal emperor seemed to provide legitimacy to it. Most of the sepoys were from rural background. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). In fact, multiple causes i.e., social-religious-political- economic worked together to produce the rebellion. Q 3: What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use? Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? This video is from Kriti Educational Videos. Q 2: What did the British do to protect the interests of those who converted to Christianity ? The peasants were not happy with the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. This not only strengthened the rebel forces, but also gave a national character to the rebellion. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt of 1857 Notes. Ans: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi wanted the East India Company to recognise her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom after the death of her husband. Your email address will not be published. B. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. They also abolished the Doctrine of Lapse, thereby allowing rulers to pass on their kingdoms to adopted sons. A law was also passed to encourage widow remarriage. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. When the rebel forces reached Red Fort, Bahadur Shah was reluctant at first to take on the might of the British. *Many fierce battles occurred and India kept They had families living in the villages. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. Q6: What impact did Bahadur Shah Zafar’s support to the rebellion have on the people and the ruling families? Q 8: In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? Threatened by the expansion of the British rule, many of them felt that if the Mughal emperor could rule again, they too would be able to rule their own territories once more. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. Copyright © All rights reserved. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. Q 1 : What was the demand of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi that was refused by the British? Bahadur Shah sent letters to all such chiefs and rulers, urging them to come forward and support the rebellion. Similarly, Nana Saheb who was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, wanted his father’s pension when the Peshwa died. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. New laws were passed against the practice of sati. So, they also reacted to what was happening in the countryside. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. On the one hand, they tried and hanged a number of rebel leaders who had challenged their authority and could do so again in the future. Yet, the word of the Mughal king still held force for quite a number of ruling families. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Q5: What could be the reasons for the confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May 1857? Causes of the Revolt: Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? Some other foreign historian holds it to be a “Muslim conspiracy” against the British and its aim […] Many ruling families tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests but they failed. British historians have called it a Mutiny – confined to the army which did not command the support of the people at large. B. The authority and the honour which they earlier commanded were gradually waning away. Origin of the Mutiny . One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Ans: Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of the nawabs and rajas was on its decline. Table of Contents. The terms of the subsidiary alliance, and later, of the Doctrine of Lapse were such that the East India Company slowly but surely took control over the kingdoms one by one. The Company was also working on its plan to bring the Mughal dynasty to an end. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. Match the following: Discuss the nature of the Uprising/Revolt of 1857. Name :- Amit Mishra Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Mid-Eighteenth century, the Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah sent letters to all such chiefs and rulers, urging to! A Great controversy amongst the scholars over the nature of revolt there is Great! Troops ( sepoys ) in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the colonial tyranny the! Icse Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 18 the revolt and rigid... 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