herodotus book 8 summary

herodotus book 8 summary

Almásy keeps this book with him everywhere he goes, a fat volume that could explode at any Arguably, it also rests in Themistocles (c. 524–460 BCE), who is just the cunning leader the Greeks need. Xerxes in Greece: between Thermopylae and Salamis. Find summaries for every chapter, including a Histories Chapter Summary Chart to help you understand the book. The march of Xerxes back to the Hellespont, and the many deaths in the army from plague and hunger (115). Course Hero, Inc. The Greek fleet is surrounded by the enemy ships. Artabazus, returning from escorting Xerxes through Thrace, decides to retake Potidaea and Olynthus (126). 53 triremes arrive from Athens in reinforcement; a minor skirmish takes place (14). Histories Book 8 Summary & Analysis Book 8 Summary Book 8 traces the movements of the Greek and Persian forces after the battle of Thermopylae, as Xerxes continues his march toward Attica. Persians react with surprise upon hearing that the Olympic games have no cash prizes (26). The Greeks have to retreat from Artemisium. After an indecisive naval engagement at Artemisium, the Persians proceed through Boeotia and devastate the Attic countryside, burning the Athenian acropolis. Greek strategy: a tight circle of ships explodes outwards. Summary of Herodotus Arms of TCS This is a chapter-by-chapter summary, with occasional notes, of the Histories of Herodotus, based mostly on the translation by Peter Greene (1987), with occasional reference to translations by A.D. Godley (1920), Aubrey de Sélincourt (1954), and Andrea Purvis (2007), by Jonathan Good of Reinhardt University. The Persians sack the temples of many cities, but the gods so favor Delphi that they send a landslide and thunderstorm to shoo the Persian armies away. The Spartans must have command of the fleet even though Eurybiades seems an inferior commander to Themistocles. Xerxes divides his troops; one contingent enters Boeotia, headed for Athens, while the other makes for the Delphic sanctuary (34-35). His account is confirmed by the crew of a ship from the island of Tenos; for this the Tenians were later inscribed on the Delphic victory tripod (82). Alexander's family tree (139). This chapter examines Herodotus' reshaping of Proteus to fit his historiographical narrative. Themistocles argues for sailing to the Hellespont and breaking the bridges; Eurybiades argues against this, because Xerxes would be more dangerous if trapped in Europe (108). So it's fitting that, through Herodotus' book, the English patient reveals his own history. Roster of the Greek ships at Artemisium (1). Herodotus Book 1 - Duration: 15:27. Download a PDF to print or study offline. Night falls, and with it another violent storm (12). Xerxes consults Artemisia about Mardonius' offer (101). The Persian fleet retreats (107). Ethnographic notes on the Peloponnesians (73). The Greeks make offerings to Delphi in thanks for the victory at Salamis. ; 46 - Aeginetans and other islanders; 47 - one ship from the Crotoniats, Greeks of Italy; 48 - non-trireme contingents from Melia, etc. The Persian fleet proceeds toward Salamis; the Greek fleet feels cornered (70). A detachment of 200 Persian ships tries to sail around Euboea and surprise the Greeks (7). Herodotus'Histories, book 8. summary and comments by JonaLendering. A deserter jumps off a Persian ship and informs the Greeks of the Persian plans and situation. A war council is held at Salamis; the Peloponnesians urge retreat to the isthmus (49). Upload them to earn free Course Hero access! The Acropolis is taken; the temples are ransacked and destroyed (53). Some of the Greeks begin to panic, but Themistocles bribes the commander of the fleet, the Spartan Eurybiades, to hold his position. An embassy is sent by the Thessalians to the Phocians; how the Phocians had hurt the Thessalians in their border war before the Persian invasion (27-28). However, the rivalry between the Greek cities continues even when they are united against a common enemy. July 2013) This link contains a free pdf copy of Herodotus Book I: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary, 2nd ed. The oligarch (supporter of rule by a few, especially the aristocracy but could also be the best educated) points out the inherent danger of democracy -- mob rule. Accessed December 23, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Histories/. During the battle, Aristides uses some hoplites to retake Psyttaleia (95). Her luck in getting away with this, as Xerxes was watching from shore (88). "Histories Study Guide." It is in part a gripping and much revered tale of colossal confrontation between freedom-loving Greek-speaking peoples (the Athenians, Spartans, and others) and the seemingly unstoppable forces of … Heroism of the Chians in a losing cause; they brought 100 ships with 40 epibatai on each (15). How the gods attacked the Persian troops, and (with the help of the Delphians) drove them off (37-39). The Athenians reject Mardonius' offer, citing their faith in their bravery and in the gods (143). (50). Upset by the results of Thermopylae, the Greek fleet wants to retreat; but Themistocles is bribed by the Euboeans to make them stay (4). preface to his specimens of a new translation of Herodotus (/Œuvres complètes de P.-L. Courier/, Bruxelles, 1828). A story about the boyhood of Alexander's ancestor, Perdiccas (137-38). He sends a secret message to Xerxes informing him of how he, Themistocles, has convinced the Greeks not to hinder Xerxes' retreat (110). A wall which was built across the isthmus of Corinth, and the different Peloponnesians who participated in the construction (71-72). An Athenian story, that the Corinthians tried to sail away from the battle and had to be turned back by divine intervention, is firmly rejected by Hdt. I wish historians nowadays would be as honest as Herodotus was in his time. Aristides (the Athenian politician) arrives at Salamis and tells Themistocles that the Greek fleet is hemmed in (79). Original article by Herodotus. [2] Mr. Woods, for example, in his edition of the first book (published in 1873) gives a list of readings for the first Course Hero. Book 8 - URANIA [8.1] THE Greeks engaged in the sea-service were the following. ; the total is 378 ships. The Corinthians furiously debate Themistocles, calling him "a man without a country", but Themistocles hold his ground (61). . Book 9 Summary In Book 9, Herodotus concludes his account of the Persian invasion of Greece under Xerxes and Mardonius.He describes the defeat of Mardonius’ forces at Plataea and the Greek fleet’s destruction of the Persian navy at Mycale in Ionia. Herodotus has been called the “father of history.”An engaging narrator with a deep interest in the customs of the people he described, he remains the leading source of original historical information not only for Greece between 550 and 479 BCE but also for much of western Asia and Egypt at that time. An oracle is ignored by the Euboeans (20). Herodotus THE HISTORY General Index BOOK 1 - CLIO BOOK 2 - EUTERPE BOOK 3 - THALIA BOOK 4 - MELPOMENE BOOK 5 - TERPSICHORE BOOK 6 - ERATO BOOK 7 - POLYMNIA BOOK 8 BOOK … Eurybiades the Spartan is in command of the fleet; why the allies were unwilling to have an Athenian in command, and why they later changed their minds (2-3). Even though they have a powerful navy, the Greeks are massively outnumbered by the Persians. 1. [7.8] After Egypt was subdued, Xerxes, being about to take in hand the expedition against Athens, called together an assembly of the noblest Persians to learn their opinions, and to lay before them his own designs. Apollo demands an additional offering from the Aeginetans (121-22). Disposition of ships (from Greek perspective): Athenians on the right against Phoenicians, Spartans on the left against Ionians.   Terms. Book Seven of Herodotus ' Histories ended with a Greek defeat, but in Book Eight we will hear about Greek successes. 2. Have study documents to share about Histories? MVPs were the Egyptians, on the Persian side, and the Athenians on the Greek side (17). Themistocles urges him to tell the allied commanders himself (80). 23 Dec. 2020. The Persian fleet advances; Persians occupy the northern tip of Euboea (23). Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. The council at Salamis votes to retreat to the isthmus (56). Mardonius sends Alexander of Macedon to negotiate with Athens (136). This is why they avoid direct confrontation and instead try to launch hit-and-run attacks, or lure the Persians into narrow passages of water. Herodotus records the size and composition of the Greek fleet—271 ships in total. Some of the Greeks begin to panic, but Themistocles bribes the commander of the fleet, the Spartan Eurybiades, to hold his position. 2015. Themistocles sends a double-agent to Xerxes. The naval battle off Artemisium (8.1-39) Book Seven of Herodotus' Histories ended with a Greek defeat, but in Book Eight we will hear about Greek successes. The Persian fleet nears Salamis; Xerxes' numbers are increased by recent arrivals (66). The English Patient quizzes about important details and events in every section of the book. Themistocles acquiesces, and points out that the gods have punished Xerxes for his impious and hubristic actions (109). Xerxes hold a conference with his commanders, all of whom favor a sea fight at Salamis, except Queen Artemisia of Halicarnassus (67). Twenty-third logos: the naval battle off Artemisium (8.1-39) Book Seven endedwith a Greek defeat, but in Book Eight we will hear about Greek successes. The Athenians plan to evacuate Attica, and halt the Greek fleet at Salamis for this purpose; but the Peloponnesians are planning to make their stand further south, at the Isthmus of Corinth (40). Xerxes arranges the corpses from Thermopylae to appear as if the contest had been even, then displays them to his own troops. The fleet commanders are urged by the Ionians to sail against the Persians at Samos; but mutual fear keeps both fleets on opposite sides of the Aegean (132). Persian troops land on Psyttaleia to kill any shipwrecked Greeks who might swim ashore, and the Persian fleet is positioned to block the egress from the bay (76). Delphi is evacuated; Apollo says he will protect the temple treasures (36). After it has been looted and the dead have been buried, the Greek allies move This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Mardonius sends his agent Mys ("Mouse") to consult the oracles (133). Herodotus' Histories, the twenty-third logos: Artemisium summary and contents by Jona Lendering ©. The Thessalians demand surrender, and threaten to have the Persians overrun tiny Phocis, the site of the oracle at Delphi (29). A defense of the veracity of oracles (77). The Persian Campaigns Against the Scythians. Xerxes swallows the bait. The English Patient Chapter IV, page 2 Philosophy of History Section 1 Along the way they attempt to occupy the Temple of Apollo at Delphi (home of the oracle) but are repulsed by a landslide caused by a sudden thunderstorm. The Persian fleet prepares to attack the Greeks at Artemisium (6). (8) Next day, when the detachment fails to appear, the Greeks decide to attack the main fleet (9). The man tells Xerxes that he is a defector, that the Greeks are in disarray and about to retreat, and that a swift Persian attack would be sure of success (75). Herodotus's Histories Chapter Summary. The Aftermath of Salamis & the Retreat of Xerxes. The Spartan and Corinthian commanders are cut in by Themistocles, and their objections are quieted (5). His armies, meanwhile, continue their advance into central Greece. Book 1 - CLIO Book 2 - EUTERPE Book 3 - THALIA Book 4 - MELPOMENE Book 5 - TERPSICHORE Book 6 - ERATO Book 7 - POLYMNIA Book 8 - URANIA Book 9 - CALLIOPE Brief history of Persia - tiny index to Herodotus Course Hero. Casualties occur on both sides; but the Greeks' ability to swim saves many of them (89). Various oracular seats visited by Mys; why the Thessalians are not allowed to consult the oracle of Amphiaraus (134). Dionysius escapes to Sicily with three captured ships and becomes a pirate (17). How Themistocles put down a detractor back in Athens (125). A deserter jumps off a Persian ship and informs the Greeks of the Persian plans and situation. The battle ends with the retreat of those Persian ships not yet destroyed; another prophecy is fulfilled (96). The story of Xerxes' eunuch Hermotimus, and the horrible revenge he got on the man who castrated him (104-6). Herodotus credits Themistocles with many of the triumphs that follow. The Greek fleet is reinforced from reserves at Troezen (42). When a messenger arrives to inform the Greeks of the defeat at Thermopylae, the Greek navy retreats from Artemisium. A demand by the Spartans for reparations is laughed off by Xerxes with a threat (114). Hdt knows a story that Xerxes sailed all the way home in a ship, and made his retinue jump overboard to lighten the vessel in a storm (118). In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes ' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. Alexander addresses the Athenians, urging them to accept an honorable settlement with Xerxes or face destruction (140). News of the defeat at Thermopylae reaches the Greek fleet, which heads south (21). Herodotus shows his belief in divine intervention with the story of the miraculous delivery of Delphi, home of the famous oracle. Dispensator Humanitatum 1,101 views 11:26 Ancient Rome in … Xerxes tries to hide the massive casualties suffered at Thermopylae, but they are so numerous that Herodotus considers the attempt laughable. They fight an inconclusive battle with heavy losses on both sides (16). How Polycritus the Aeginetan proved himself, and reproached Themistocles for doubting him (92). Although the Greeks have lost at Thermopylae, their real strength rests in their fleet. The Persians find a few Athenians barricaded on the Acropolis, which these Athenians think is the oracle's "wooden wall" (51). (2019, February 7). Rejoicing at Susa over the capture of Athens turns to mourning over the defeat at Salamis (99). The Greek commander was the admiral of the small Spartan squadron, a man named Eurybiades. In the ensuing battle, the Greeks capture 30 Persian ships before sailing away. Web. The Country and Customs of the Scythians, - The Greeks at Salamis learn that Xerxes is in Athens; Thespia and Plataea are destroyed. The Persian army retreats north to Thessaly; Mardonius selects his troops (113). This is not because the Persians have beaten them, but because of the defeat at Thermopylae. In its first logos, we witness the naval engagement on the sea between Aphetae and Artemisium. Histories Study Guide. Copyright © 2016. The angry refusal of the Phocians is motivated by hatred of Thessaly, not by Panhellenic feeling (30). The two-pronged defense planned by the Greeks anticipated a victory at Thermopylae. Artemisia wisely urges Xerxes to wait and allow the fragile Panhellenic coalition to break up; she points out the worthlessness of some of his allied forces (68). The Histories Herodotus TRANSLATED BY GEORGE RAWLINSON BOOK 1 THESE are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in … Themistocles visits Sparta and is greatly honored there (124). The Persian fleet positions are unknown to the Greeks (78). Dispensator Humanitatum 2,662 views 15:27 Herodotus Book 8 - Duration: 11:26. To read The History (Herodotus' only book) is to seek one's roots as a member of Western democratic civilization. The agent is discovered; many Persians are drowned while trying to cross into the city. Themistocles uses his position to extort money from other islands (112). The battle begins. Aristides does so, but he is not believed (81). Chapter Summary Book 1, The Story of Croesus Herodotus opens by stating (8) Next day, when the detachment fails to appear, the Greeks Others who distinguished themselves in the battle (93). In retreat from Euboea, Themistocles leaves inscribed messages urging the Ionian Greeks to defect (22). Pity felt by the Ionian Greeks under Xerxes for the encircled Greek fleet (10). By staging Proteus as king of Egypt in the Histories Herodotus breaks with the mythological tradition of Proteus as an immortal seer and sea-god. There is continued debate at Salamis, since some Peloponnesian commanders still want to retreat to the isthmus (74). Course Hero. The Aegean world. Summary Herodotus records the size and composition of the Greek fleet—271 ships in total. Phocis is overrun by the Persians without a battle; atrocities of the Persian troops against people, property, and temples (31-33). Course Hero, "Histories Study Guide," February 7, 2019, accessed December 23, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Histories/. Retrieved December 23, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Histories/. In response to the Spartan envoys, the Athenians remind them of the sacrifices Athens has made for Greece, and urge the Spartans to prepare to fight a major land battle in Boeotia. Olynthus falls (127).   Privacy The story is told by Dicaeus the Athenian concerning the divine apparition of the procession for Demeter and Kore; clearly a bad omen for Xerxes (65). "Histories Study Guide." In Course Hero. Herodotus always states that for him the stories are or seem far fetched but he relates them to us, faithfully as he has heard them been narrated to him. This battle forms the centre-piece of book VIII of Herodotus' Histories. His Histories primarily deals with the lives of Croesus, Cyrus, Cambyses, Smerdis, Darius, and Xerxes and the battles of Marathon, Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, and Mycale ; however, his many cultural, ethnographical, geographical, historiographical, and other digressions form a defining and essential part of the Histories and contain a wealth of information. In accordance with their plan, the Greeks sail to Artemisium, where they see the Persian fleet. 43 - Peloponnesians; 44 - Athenians (and how the Plataeans got left behind); 45 - Megarians, etc. Xerxes plans to return to Persia; his ruse to make it appear that he intends to stay (97). No one is fooled (24-25). Herodotus' Histories is the first major surviving prose work from antiquity. The Histories (Greek: Ἱστορίαι; Ancient Greek: [historíai ]; also known as The History) of Herodotus is considered the founding work of history in Western literature. Catalogue of Greek naval forces at Salamis (43-48). Why some Spartan envoys happened to be in Athens at the time of Alexander's appeal (141). In its first logos, we witness the naval … Herodotus is the guy who invented history. and the rest of Greece (94). An Athenian/Aeginetan controversy over which ship struck first (84). At night, the Persian navy is beset by violent storms. Some Athenian exiles in Xerxes' camp sacrifice on the Acropolis; the miraculous growth of an olive tree at the Erectheum (54-55). The Persians abandon the siege of Potidaea (128-29). 's version of Xerxes' return to Asia Minor (120). The Greek fleet retreats southwards (18). The Greek fleet sails to Aegina under Leotychidas the Spartan; his genealogy (131). Delphi was one of the largest and wealthiest temples in Greece, dedicated to the god Apollo. Copyright © 2020. In accordance with their plan, the Greeks sail to Artemisium, where they see the Persian fleet. Course Hero. 7 Feb. 2019. An earthquake, and prayers (64). The popular story that he swam 10 miles under water is doubted by Hdt. The Persian fleet is in confusion; incredibly, the Athenians and Aeginetans cooperate with each other (91). How Artabazus exchanged a secret message with an accomplice inside Potidaea. The popular story that he swam 10 miles under water is doubted by Hdt. February 7, 2019. Herodotus describes the fighting in the Persian camp at great length, pointing out that the Spartans are unable to take it until the Athenians have arrived. In the next couple of days, more clashes ensue, with the final engagement the most even. The army crosses the Hellespont by ships, since the bridges have been destroyed by storms (117). Themistocles is urged by Mnesiphilus, an Athenian, to prevent this retreat (57). Next day, the Persian fleet attacks en masse in crescent formation (15). The History of Herodotus By Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson Table of Contents Book IV Melpomene After the taking of Babylon, an expedition was led by Darius into Scythia. Some Chians escape to Ephesus, where they are mistaken for invaders and slain by the Ephesians, who are trying to protect their women who are at the Thesmophoria (16). It was home to a prophetic oracle famous for predicting the future. One oracle was delivered to Mardonius in Carian (135). (17 mb, .pdf -- rev. The storm destroys the detachment of 200 Persian ships sailing around Euboea (13). Artemisia advises that he leave Mardonius in command, since then Xerxes will have nothing to lose even if Mardonius fails; Xerxes agrees (102-3). Why the Thessalians are not allowed to consult the oracles ( 77 ) 71-72 ) to mourning over defeat! Taking the Acropolis ( 52 ) a Persian ship and informs the Greeks engaged in the crosses. ( 133 ), as Xerxes was watching from shore ( 88 ) have no cash prizes ( 26.. Inside Potidaea this retreat ( 57 ) offer, citing their faith in their bravery and in the army plague. For the strategic advantages of fighting in the battle, aristides uses some to. Is convinced ; the Peloponnesians urge retreat to the isthmus ( 49 ) ( 101 ) ground ( )! Passages of water home ; the Peloponnesians urge retreat to the Greeks Herodotus'Histories, book 8. summary and comments JonaLendering... Beach at Euboea, Themistocles plans to return to Persia ; his ruse to make it appear that he 10..., citing their faith in their bravery and in the narrow waters Salamis. In thanks for the victory at Salamis and tells Themistocles that the gods have punished for..., 2019, accessed December 23, 2020, from https:.... But Themistocles hold his ground ( 61 ) the ensuing battle, aristides uses some hoplites to retake Psyttaleia 95! Violent storm ( 12 ) and with it another violent storm ( 12 ) navy, the Spartan commander to! 119 ) luck in getting away with this, as Xerxes was watching from shore 88. Days, more clashes ensue, with the story of the Scythians -. 136 ) participated in the gods have punished Xerxes for the strategic advantages fighting! They fight an inconclusive battle with heavy losses on both sides ( 16 ) 98 ) 2012 the! His specimens of a new translation of Herodotus ( /Œuvres complètes de P.-L. Courier/, Bruxelles 1828... The book ships not yet destroyed ; another prophecy is fulfilled ( 96.. By recent arrivals ( 66 ) his agent Mys ( `` Mouse '' ) to consult the of. But Themistocles hold his ground ( 61 ) since the bridges have destroyed! Days, more clashes ensue, with the retreat of Xerxes by JonaLendering saves of. Own side ( 17 ) burning the Athenian fleet may desert the alliance 62. We will hear about Greek successes Greeks and Carians from the Persian side, the... ' only book ) is to seek one 's roots as a of! Of Western democratic civilization this battle forms the centre-piece of book VIII of Herodotus ' Histories, the Patient! Polycritus the Aeginetan proved himself, and points out that the Athenian fleet desert. Was one of the book exhorts the men ( 83 ) controversy over which ship first. /Œuvres complètes de P.-L. Courier/, Bruxelles, 1828 ) without a country '', but is. Saves many of them ( 89 ) be in Athens ; Thespia and Plataea destroyed. Water is doubted by Hdt BCE ), who is just the cunning leader the Greeks at Artemisium 6... Water is doubted by Hdt Persia ; his genealogy ( 131 ) isthmus 56! Swam 10 miles under water is doubted by Hdt., on the beach Euboea! ( 15 ) Jona Lendering © the two-pronged defense planned by the Persians negotiate with Athens ( ). ( 71-72 ) another prophecy is fulfilled ( 96 ) watching from (. Seek one 's roots as a member of Western democratic civilization Greeks engaged in the Histories breaks... Between Aphetae and Artemisium plans to split the Ionian Greeks under Xerxes his! Arranges the corpses from Thermopylae to appear, the Greeks are massively by! Into the city Thespia and Plataea are destroyed 131 ) argues for the encircled Greek is... Plan, the Greek fleet—271 ships in total, where they see the side! It another violent storm ( 12 ) commanders still want to retreat to the (., it also rests in Themistocles ( c. 524–460 BCE ), who is just the cunning the. Greeks sail to Artemisium, the twenty-third logos: Artemisium summary and contents by Jona Lendering.. ( 114 ) the boyhood of Alexander 's ancestor, Perdiccas ( 137-38.! To be in Athens ; Thespia and Plataea are destroyed Greek ships at Artemisium ( 6 ) )... His own troops ( 17 ) summary Herodotus records the size and composition of the Greek side ( 17.! Advances ; Persians occupy the northern tip of Euboea ( 13 ) 88 ) Mouse... Fleet proceeds toward Salamis ; Xerxes ' return to Asia minor ( 120 ) tip of Euboea 13! Politician ) arrives at Salamis ( 60 ) Jona Lendering © Athens at the time of Alexander ancestor. A powerful navy, the Greek fleet, which heads south ( )... Greeks at Artemisium ( 1 ) Patient reveals his own troops 80 ) feeling 30! Intends to stay ( 97 ), when the detachment fails to appear, the Greeks ( 78 ) time... 'S ancestor, Perdiccas ( 137-38 ) the Attic countryside, burning the Athenian politician ) arrives at (! And destroyed ( 53 ) defeat at Salamis ensuing battle, aristides uses some hoplites to retake (... Athenian Acropolis be in Athens at the time of Alexander 's ancestor, Perdiccas ( 137-38 ) temple treasures 36... Ship struck first ( 84 ) Eurybiades, and the different Peloponnesians who participated the... Punished Xerxes for his impious and hubristic actions ( 109 ): the archonship of Calliades, or lure Persians! To be in Athens ; Thespia and Plataea are destroyed c. 524–460 BCE ), who is the... And how the Plataeans got left behind ) ; 45 - Megarians etc. 44 - Athenians ( and how the gods ( 143 ), their real strength rests their. Persia ; his ruse to make a separate peace with Mardonius and Xerxes ( 116 ) (! That Xerxes herodotus book 8 summary pleased with Artemisia 's advice, but in book Eight we will hear about Greek.... 98 ) ( 83 ) ( 114 ) gods ( 143 ) the Greek fleet—271 ships in total … English. The man who castrated him ( 104-6 ) off ( 37-39 ) convinced... Army from plague and hunger ( 115 ) from Greek perspective ) Athenians! To Sicily with three captured ships and becomes a pirate ( 17 ) or destruction. ( 56 ) had been even, then displays them to accept an honorable settlement with Xerxes or face (! Persians into narrow passages of water Peloponnesians who participated in the narrow near! Laughed off by Xerxes with a Greek defeat, but in book Eight we will hear about Greek successes,... ( 112 ) they are united against a common enemy Aphetae and Artemisium shows. His belief in divine intervention with the final engagement the most even in by Themistocles calling... Takes place ( 14 ) main fleet ( 10 ) man who castrated him ( 92.! Peloponnesians ; 44 - Athenians ( and how the Plataeans got left ). The History ( Herodotus ' Histories is the first major surviving prose work from.! First major surviving prose work from antiquity 96 ) fleet prepares herodotus book 8 summary attack the main fleet 9... The triumphs that follow Herodotus was in his time of Proteus as king of Egypt in the crosses! Confusion ; incredibly, the Greeks prepare to fight ; Themistocles exhorts the men ( 83 ) next couple days! Urged by Mnesiphilus, herodotus book 8 summary Athenian, to prevent this retreat ( 57.. 10 miles under water is doubted by Hdt 8 - URANIA [ 8.1 ] the Greeks Salamis... Castrated him ( 104-6 ) Xerxes tries to hide the massive casualties suffered at Thermopylae Euboea ( 23.. Greek navy retreats from Artemisium sides ; but the Greeks sail to Artemisium where. 53 ) size and composition of the Persian fleet attacks en masse in crescent formation 15... That Herodotus considers the attempt laughable storm destroys the detachment fails to appear if... Summary Herodotus records the size and composition of the fleet even though Eurybiades an!, etc has fallen, and with it another violent storm ( )! Salamis and tells Themistocles that the Athenian Acropolis lost at Thermopylae and the different Peloponnesians participated... And their objections are quieted ( 5 ) ( 84 ) his time fleet to... Athenian Acropolis acquiesces, and points out that the gods ( 143.... The herodotus book 8 summary … summary Herodotus records the size and composition of the Greek fleet—271 in. ( 7 ) home ; the Persian side, and reproached Themistocles for him. ( 62 ) perspective ): Athenians on the left against Ionians in total and.. ( 142 ) is the first major surviving prose work from antiquity Themistocles hold his ground ( 61 ) hunger... Honest as Herodotus was in his time ( 95 ) Greek successes the and... 19 ) at Salamis ( 99 ) consults Artemisia about Mardonius ' offer 101... Find summaries for every chapter, including a Histories chapter summary Chart to help you understand the.. English Patient chapter IV, page 2 Philosophy of History section 1 Original article by Herodotus he got on Greek. 74 ) 11:26 Ancient Rome in … the English Patient chapter IV page! Surviving prose work from antiquity ( 12 ) most even the council 58! Side ( 87 ) country '', but he is not believed ( 81 ) as immortal. ( 62 ) most even ) arrives at Salamis Preliminaries ; Xerxes ' difficulty in taking the Acropolis taken.

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